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Colon cancer – An overview on the disease

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As the name suggests, colon cancer affects the large intestine of the body. The large intestine is the final part of the digestive system. In a majority of cases, colon cancer has its inception in clumps of cells that form as benign cells that are called Adenomatous Polyps. With the passage of time, these polyps attain malignancy and turn into cancer cells. You must visit a Colon cancer specialist the moment colon cancer is detected.

Signs that indicate colon cancer

There are some basic signs, which if you notice, you must visit a colon specialist immediately. These symptoms are:

  • If you see a deviation in your bowel practice that lasts for more than a couple of weeks – such as constipation or diarrhea—or if there is an alteration in your bowel consistency, consult a colon specialist immediately.
  • Rectal bleeding is another sign of colon cancer.
  • There is a consistent discomfort in the abdomen—cramps, pain and gas formation.
  • You always get a feeling that your excretion has not cleared completely.
  • You start feeling weak and get fatigued easily.
  • There is a sudden and tremendous weight loss that you notice.

If you see several or even one of these signs, consulting a colon specialist is imperative. The doctor will be able to guide regarding the regular screening tests that need to be done. Usually colon cancer screening tests, in general, are not done before you reach your fifty’s, however, if there is a family history of colon cancer or any other cancer then doctors recommend screening from an early age.

Factors that increase the risk of colon cancer

There are some common factors that make you more susceptible to colon cancer:

Old age: usually as you start aging, your risk of contracting colon cancer increases. Most people having colon cancer are above fifty years of age.

Racial factor: it is noticed that the African-American race have a greater risk of colon cancer, compared to other races.

A history of polyps: if you have a history of having Adenomatous Polyps, then there is a higher chance that you will contract colon cancer.

Inflammation in intestines: there are some inflammatory colon diseases that are chronic and often cause colon cancer, such as colitis or Crohn’s disease.

Family history: if your family has a history of having cancer, there is a chance that the genetic syndrome (Lynch syndrome or Familial Adenomatous Polyposis) will be passed onto you that will increase your risk of colon cancer.

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